Hepatitis is a virus that causes inflammation and damage to the liver cells, which the WHO explained ‘is caused by a variety of infectious viruses and noninfectious agents leading to a range of health problems, some of which can be fatal’.
The hepatitis virus, categorised into types A, B, C, D and E, individually has different modes of transmission, the severity of illness, geographical distribution, and prevention methods.
For example, the BMC Infectious Diseases (an open access peer-reviewed journal) identified the North West region of Nigeria as a geopolitical zone with the most cases of hepatitis.
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The behavioural pattern of each type of hepatitis virus and preventive measures
The Orlandpharmacy, listing hepatitis viruses and their methods of transference, explained that:
- Hepatitis A – is transmitted by consuming food or water contaminated by feces from an HAV-infected person.
- Hepatitis B – is transmitted through contact with infectious blood, vaginal secretions or semen, sharing razors or HBV-infected syringe.
- Hepatitis C – is transmitted through direct contact with infected body fluids, injection drug use, and sexual contact.
- Hepatitis D – is contracted through direct contact with infected blood.
- Hepatitis E – is waterborne, typically resulting from ingesting faecal matter that contaminates the water supply.
The ability of hepatitis to hide until the liver is damaged makes it a dangerous infection, necessitating that you download Wellness Plus App and do your medical check-up because Hepatitis B has no cure. Get a Wellness HMO Plan today or contact us here.