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COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a Major Threat to Every Commuter.

In a country like Nigeria, Everyone is constantly smoking especially if you reside in the Western part like Lagos State. Well, maybe you are not an active smoker per se but we have all been through second-hand smoke at different points while some of us still do on a daily basis. Motorist fumes, Generators and Individuals smoking at different corners all contribute to the choking air pollution and this shortens the life expectancy of commuters.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive life­ threatening lung disease that causes breathlessness (initially with exertion) and predisposes to exacerbation and serious illness. The more familiar terms “chronic bronchitis” and “emphysema” have often been used as labels for the condition.

The top cause of COPD is tobacco smoking. Long-term exposure to chemical irritants can also lead to COPD. It’s a disease that usually takes a long time to develop. Asides from smoking, most homes are often poorly ventilated, forcing families to breathe fumes from burning fuel used for cooking and heating.

Globally, #airpollution is estimated to cause 4 out of 10 COPD deaths.
So, Everyone is susceptible to COPD.

The most dangerous effect about COPD is that it develops slowly then becomes more active after the ages of 40-50 years.

Certain lifestyle changes may also help alleviate your symptoms or provide relief. If you smoke, Toss the Tobacco. Whenever possible, avoid secondhand smoke and chemical fumes. Get the adequate nutrition your body needs. Talk to your doctor about how much exercise is safe for you.

Common signs and symptoms include:

  • Constant coughing, sometimes referred to as a “smoker’s cough”
  • Shortness of breath while doing everyday activities
  • An inability to breath easily or take a deep breath
  • Excess mucus production coughed up as sputum
  • Wheezing
  • Blueness of the lips or fingernail beds
  • Frequent respiratory infections
  • Lack of energy

KEY FACTS

  • COPD is likely to increase in coming years due to higher smoking prevalence and aging populations in many countries.
  • The primary cause of COPD is exposure to tobacco smoke (either active smoking or second­ hand smoke).
  • Other risk factors include exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollution and occupational dusts and fumes.
  • COPD is likely to increase in coming years due to higher smoking prevalence and aging populations in many countries.

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